Ocular Conditions

Myopia - Commonly referred to as being "near-sighted."  These patients typically see well up-close but poorly at a distance.  This condition results from light focusing in front of the retina.  This can be caused by the eyeball being too long or the refracting power (ability to bend light) of the eye being too great.  These patients are corrected with lenses that have minus power.

Hyperopia - Referred to as being "far-sighted."  These patients typically see well at a distance but have difficulty up-close.  This condition results from light focusing behind the retina.  This can be caused by the eyeball being too short or the refracting power (ability to bend light) of the eye being too little.  These patients are typically corrected with lenses that have plus power.

Astigmatism - Another type of blurred vision.  These patients may have difficulty seeing at distance and at near.  This condition is caused by an uneven refracting surface, often referred to as having an eye shaped like a football.  These patients are corrected with cylinder (cyl.) lenses.

Presbyopia - This condition is experienced by our mature patients, to put it delicately.  It is the inability of the accommodative system to focus up close.
  This usually occurs because the ciliary muscles within the eye no longer function as intended or the crystalline lens stiffens or a combination of both.  Patients are corrected with bifocal lenses or reading glasses.